See Article History Alternative Titles: This form of matter was predicted in by Albert Einstein on the basis of the quantum formulations of the Indian physicist Satyendra Nath Bose.
Later this theoretical idea was extended to condensed matter systems through collaboration between S. Bose and Albert Einstein. This very novel concept leads to prediction of Bose-Einstein Condensation BEC phenomenon for particles with integral spins. The experimental verification of this idea was realized almost 70 years after the theoretical proposal, in dilute atomic gas systems at low temperature.
In the last two decades, this has further led to many emerging areas in condensed matter physics like Bose-Einstein Condensation of atomic and molecular gases, superconducting pairing in the crossover regime between momentum space to real space, superfluidity and physics of cold atoms etc.
These have become some of the major areas of current research in condensed matter physics with a lot of activities in the form of experimental, theoretical and computational efforts.
Furthermore, this intense research has led to several Nobel prizes.
This classic text, first published in , is designed for graduate physics courses in statistical mechanics. The second edition, published in , incorporated three comprehensive chapters on phase transitions and critical phenomena. Although Bose-Einstein condensations have been observed in several systems, researchers are pushing the limits of the phenomenon—to faster timescales, higher temperatures, and smaller sizes. The phenomenon of Bose-Einstein condensation is responsible for the superfluidity of helium and for the superconductivity of an electron gas, which involves Bose-condensed electron pairs. However, these phenomena happen at high density, and their understanding requires a detailed treatment of the interactions.
On the occasion of the th birth anniversary of Professor S. The purpose of this event is to bring together eminent scientists, young researchers and students who have been working in various aspects of the above mentioned research areas.
The choice of the subjects and problems to be covered in the workshop reflects the multidisciplinary approach to understand various collective phenomena, in general and in low dimensions in particular, whose complete theoretical understanding are still lacking.
This makes the proposed workshop highly relevant as this gathering would encourage collaboration among researchers belonging to different expertise, binding together theoretical, computational and experimental scientists.VIBRATIONS AND FREEZING. Because of their slow movement in relation to one another, solid particles exert strong attractions; yet as slowly as they move, solid particles do move—as is the case with all forms of matter at the atomic level.
Jan 12, · Bose Einstein Condensation, for those who aren’t familiar with it, is a phenomenon where a gas of particles with the right spin properties cooled to a very low temeprature will suddenly “condense” into a state where all of the atoms in the sample occupy the same quantum wavefunction.
Abstract: The phenomenon of Bose-Einstein condensation of dilute gases in traps is reviewed from a theoretical perspective. Mean-field theory provides a framework to understand the main features of the condensation and the role of .
Although Bose-Einstein condensations have been observed in several systems, researchers are pushing the limits of the phenomenon—to faster timescales, higher temperatures, and smaller sizes.
Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more.
Get started now! Abstract: The phenomenon of Bose-Einstein condensation of dilute gases in traps is reviewed from a theoretical perspective. Mean-field theory provides a framework to understand the main features of the condensation and the role of interactions between particles.