Theories of capitalism Essay:
How to Write a Summary of an Article? However, current trends suggest that there may be some inaccuracies in this claim. It can even be Sociological theories and theorists essay as very important, but its relationship to the term institutional may be problematic.
The conflict is inherent in the definition of family based of the functionalists and the conflict theorists. Functionalist Theory This conservative, Sociological theories and theorists essay perspective emphasizes the role of family as a social institution that contributes to social stability.
Carroll explains that the violence and terror of the French Revolution and the mass violence resulting from the desperate circumstances of the workers during the Industrial Revolution led to fears of the consequences of a crumbling social order.
Out of this fear grew conservative intellectual writings that examined social bonds, rules, and socialization practices that enable society to maintain a sense of stability that benefits all members of society.
Functional theorists warn of dire consequences if a strong society and effective socialization practices are not maintained.
Within this theory, family is seen as the institution that is responsible for socializing children, regulating sexual activity and reproduction, and provides its members with a social identity Carroll, Conflict Theory This macro-level perspective focuses on the negative outcomes of societal norms, such as social inequality, and seeks to address and redress the aspects of society that perpetuate these undesirable norms.
Carroll explains that this theory grew out of the works of Marx and Engels who believed that revolution was a necessary step for transforming a capitalist social order that enslaved the working class the proletariat to the ruling class the bourgeoisie and perpetuates poverty and misery for the enslaved.
The primary conflict according to Marx and Engels is based on perpetuating social norms within a class system that benefits one class over another. Conflict theorists examine how the family unit is also an institution that perpetuates inequality, by reinforcing patriarchy, between members of the family and seeks to find solutions to reduce or eliminate these innate inequalities.
Feminist theory, in particular, evaluates how gender inequality is perpetuated within the family as children are socialized to fulfil future social, political, and economic roles Carroll, Symbolic-Internationalist Theory A micro-perspective paradigm examines the meanings, interpretations, and understandings of the interactions of individuals within a society.
While this type of theory does not contribute to evaluating and solving social issues such as poverty, racism, sexism, or social change, it does allow a context for understanding the nature of institutions, such as the family, within the macro-perspective theories. Social order is transmitted through symbols— roles, behaviours, and other social constructions— that are integrated as a result of social interactions Carroll, Although this is a micro-theoretical paradigm, understanding the interactions, communication, symbols, and expectations could contribute to alleviating the clash between the two macro-level theories.
Understanding what works and what does not work permits opportunities to change or delete the aspects of family or family dynamics that contributes to inequality, without dismantling the entire institution and causing complete social upheaval. Her conclusion that these issues are the result of the breakdown of the family is an example of functionalist theory.
She suggests that the outcomes are the result of the social breakdown of a vital social institution. The functionalist would argue that the distressing results found in these families are also necessary outcomes, as society must not reward those who seek to disrupt the social order.
The traditional family consists of a bread-winning father and a home-making mother, an ideal that is held sacrosanct by this group of legislators. The conflict theorist, by contrast, seeks to discover the constructs in society and within the family that cause the inequalities, rather than to blame the inequalities on those who are trapped by them for not conforming to the functionalist ideals.
Families are continuing to evolve— at least the definition is— in that there is increasing acceptance— both social and legal— for families in which the primary adults are a same-sex couple, either with or without offspring.
In Canada, the Civil Marriage Act was passed in and after a brief re-vote in — which defeated the Conservative motion to restore the traditional definition of marriage— marriage equality became a non-issue politically when the prime minister announced his government would not bring it up again Makarenko, Family as a Societal Institution The family serves a functional purpose in society in that it provides the environment for producing, nurturing, and socializing the next generation.
However, the nature of family has changed significantly and some of the new styles of families— single parent families, cohabiting unions, same-sex intimate partnerships, egalitarian marriages, and blended families— contradict the societal norms representative in a traditional patriarchal family.
The political and religious backlash is indicative of the conservative functionalist view of social stability being reliant upon maintaining the status quo. In fact, these conservatives are holding many of societies ills e.
The conflict theorists would argue that social norms are, in fact, the source of the dysfunctions in society. The solution is somewhere in between. The social norms that define family as an institution are likely problematic.
The aspects of family that support and nurture intimate partners and children are vital to our continued well-being. Family as a refuge, a safe place to grow, learn, and achieve, is an ideal that inspires us, but family as a tool of the state to perpetuate inequity is what makes it an institution.
The functionalists are correct, the institutions are failing, but a new family paradigm is emerging. Family is more about the relationships and what members of families can do for each other, rather than what the unit can do for the state. Some modern families are examples of contradictory norms and are held up as examples by conservatives as the very reason society is on the brink of chaos.
However, it is unlikely that society is in fact in danger of a complete breakdown. The new families are actually indicative of a society that is moving into a new paradigm where diversity is embraced.Sociological theories are statements of how and why particular facts about the social world are related.
They range in scope from concise descriptions of a single social process to paradigms for analysis and interpretation. Sociological Theory Essay - It is a theme in sociology to discover where and why there are social inequalities, either as a result of class stratification, gender, race, and/or a combination of these factors.
Sociological Theories About The Modern Family “The family is the most important institution in society. ” This statement is repeated in almost every sociology text in some form or another. The sociological theories like functionalism, Conflict and interactionism are applied to the Social institution like family is briefed below.
The first theory is the functionalism theory. It is also known as the structural functionalism theory or functionalist perspective. Conflict theorists view human society as an arena of inequalities that breed Sociological Theories Essay Sociological Theories A sociological theory is a set of ideas that provides an explanation for human society.
Theories are selective in terms of their priorities and perspectives and the data they define as significant. As a result. Essay on The Sociological Theories Impact on Education - Education is the most important part of a person’s life.
According to Vissing, social institutions impact educational structures, processes, and outcomes (Vissing, ).