Indian fiscal policy in the s: Lessons from international experiences, growth, and fiscal effects of decentralization. Tax policy and tax administration: The author surveys fiscal trends of the s, and provides an overview of the tax and expenditure reforms.
August Suburbanization[ edit ] Suburbanization in the developed part of North America has roots in the migration decisions of many families who leave central cities and relocate on the urban fringe.
This type of metropolitan decentralization matters because it contributes to the pressures on rural and "green-field" land, the under-funding of inner-city schools, the continuing segregation of groups in society, and the difficulties some suburban housewives encounter in finding jobs.
Medical discoveries about the spread of the disease and childhood vaccinations helped to decrease TB infections and case mortality rates declined steadily during the century.
However, by the early s, figures by place of birth suggested that foreign-born persons were eight times more likely to die from TB than native-born Americans. Increasing TB levels in parts of the former Soviet Union territories and Haiti suggest that unemployment, poor access to underfunded healthcare systems, and stress all elevate risk.
Concentrations of TB among immigrants in non-traditional destination states may suggest poor agricultural working conditions, barriers to accessing healthcare, and concentrations of refugee groups in unhealthy areas.
As countries get richer, they experience a demographic transition. But there is nothing inevitable about the ability to cash in the demographic dividend. For that to happen, Africa will have to choose the right policies and overcome its many problems. Over the next decade, the number of people aged 60 years and over is expected to rise substantially, and most of the increase will occur in developing countries.
Globally, the number of older persons is expected to exceed the number of children in for the first time. Economically, population aging affects growth, savings, investments, consumption, labor markets, social security systems, taxation, and inter-generational transfers.
Socially, it influences family structures, housing demands, migration trends, and the epidemiology of diseases and the need for healthcare service.
Politically, it shapes voting patterns and representation.
The grouping of people within settlements The way from the geographical character of places, e. Population geography also studies the relationships between man and his environment, including problems from those relationships, such as overpopulationpollution, and others.Quarterly report providing expert analysis, independent forecasts and competitive intelligence on the tourism industry.
This contains a comprehensive overview of the tourism industry in the country, its overall value, the value of its hotels industry, trends in the hotels industry and any new developments.
Mar 18, · A surprising addition to this list (for me) was Germany.
I had assumed the country would continue to experience population growth for sometime because of its immigration. Not so, total fertility rate in Germany is children per woman in (well below replacement level of ).
The territorial division of the country provided by LLS pattern is fitting to the new and integrated European approach of cities and their hinterlands but it is not alternative against other administrative or statistical divisions of Hungary.
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The country is situated in southwestern Asia with the Great Caucasus Mountains to the north. Historically, the name Azerbaijan refers to a larger region that formed part of Persia (Iran). Azerbaijan is bordered by the Caspian Sea in east, by Iran in south, by Armenia in west, and Georgia and Russia in .
Hungary became a Christian kingdom in A.D. and for many centuries served as a bulwark against Ottoman Turkish expansion in Europe. The kingdom eventually became part of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian Empire, which collapsed during World War I. The country fell under communist rule following World War II.