Throughout her life, she seldom left her home and visitors were few.
See Article History Alternative Title: With Walt WhitmanDickinson is widely considered to be one of the two leading 19th-century American poets. Devoted to private pursuits, she sent hundreds of poems to friends and correspondents while apparently keeping the greater number to herself.
She habitually worked in verse forms suggestive of hymns and balladswith lines of three or four stresses. Her unusual off-rhymes have been seen as both experimental and influenced by the 18th-century hymnist Isaac Watts.
She freely ignored the usual rules of versification and even of grammar, and in the intellectual content of her work she likewise proved exceptionally bold and original.
Her verse is distinguished by its epigrammatic compression, haunting personal voice, enigmatic brilliance, and lack of high polish.
Early years The second of three children, Dickinson grew up in moderate privilege and with strong local and religious attachments. For her first nine years she resided in a mansion built by her paternal grandfather, Samuel Fowler Dickinson, who had helped found Amherst College but then went bankrupt shortly before her birth.
Her father, Edward Dickinson, was a forceful and prosperous Whig lawyer who served as treasurer of the college and was elected to one term in Congress. Her mother, Emily Norcross Dickinson, from the leading family in nearby Monson, was an introverted wife and hardworking housekeeper; her letters seem equally inexpressive and quirky.
Both parents were loving but austereand Emily became closely attached to her brother, Austin, and sister, Lavinia. Never marrying, the two sisters remained at home, and when their brother married, he and his wife established their own household next door. The highly distinct and even eccentric personalities developed by the three siblings seem to have mandated strict limits to their intimacy.
Amherst homeThe home of Emily Dickinson in Amherst, Massachusetts; it was built for her grandparents about The building is now part of the Emily Dickinson Museum. She attended the coeducational Amherst Academy, where she was recognized by teachers and students alike for her prodigious abilities in composition.
She also excelled in other subjects emphasized by the school, most notably Latin and the sciences. A class in botany inspired her to assemble an herbarium containing a large number of pressed plants identified by their Latin names.
One reason her mature religious views elude specification is that she took no interest in creedal or doctrinal definition. In this she was influenced by both the Transcendentalism of Ralph Waldo Emerson and the mid-century tendencies of liberal Protestant orthodoxy.
These influences pushed her toward a more symbolic understanding of religious truth and helped shape her vocation as poet.
Development as a poet Although Dickinson had begun composing verse by her late teens, few of her early poems are extant. Two other poems dating from the first half of the s draw a contrast between the world as it is and a more peaceful alternativevariously eternity or a serene imaginative order.
All her known juvenilia were sent to friends and engage in a striking play of visionary fancies, a direction in which she was encouraged by the popular, sentimental book of essays Reveries of a Bachelor: Or a Book of the Heart by Ik. Marvel the pseudonym of Donald Grant Mitchell.
It may be because her writing began with a strong social impetus that her later solitude did not lead to a meaningless hermeticism. Until Dickinson was in her mids, her writing mostly took the form of letters, and a surprising number of those that she wrote from age 11 onward have been preserved.
Sent to her brother, Austin, or to friends of her own sex, especially Abiah Root, Jane Humphrey, and Susan Gilbert who would marry Austinthese generous communications overflow with humour, anecdoteinvention, and sombre reflection. In general, Dickinson seems to have given and demanded more from her correspondents than she received.
Indeed, the loss of friends, whether through death or cooling interest, became a basic pattern for Dickinson. Much of her writing, both poetic and epistolary, seems premised on a feeling of abandonment and a matching effort to deny, overcome, or reflect on a sense of solitude.
Though she also corresponded with Josiah G. Holland, a popular writer of the time, he counted for less with her than his appealing wife, Elizabeth, a lifelong friend and the recipient of many affectionate letters. In Dickinson traveled to Washington, D. Yet it is true that a correspondence arose between the two and that Wadsworth visited her in Amherst about and again in Inleaving the large and much-loved house since razed in which she had lived for 15 years, the year-old woman and her family moved back to the dwelling associated with her first decade: Her home for the rest of her life, this large brick house, still standing, has become a favourite destination for her admirers.
She found the return profoundly disturbing, and when her mother became incapacitated by a mysterious illness that lasted from toboth daughters were compelled to give more of themselves to domestic pursuits. Mature career In summerat the height of this period of obscure tension, Dickinson began assembling her manuscript-books.
She made clean copies of her poems on fine quality stationery and then sewed small bundles of these sheets together at the fold. Over the next seven years she created 40 such booklets and several unsewn sheaves, and altogether they contained about poems.The standard edition of the poems is the three-volume variorum edition, The Poems of Emily Dickinson: Variorum Edition (), edited by R.W.
He also edited a two-volume work, The Manuscript Books of Emily Dickinson (), which provides facsimiles of the poems in their original groupings. On Dickinson’s wonderful summer poem ‘A drop fell on the apple tree’ is sometimes known by the title ‘Summer Shower’, although Dickinson (), famously, didn’t give titles to most of her poems.
Reclusive throughout her life, Emily Dickinson garnered little recognition for her poetry during her lifetime, but her legacy to American literature in general and poetic form in particular is an. Emily Dickinson - Poet - Born in in Massachusetts, Emily Dickinson is considered, along with Walt Whitman, the founder of a uniquely American poetic voice.
Born in in Massachusetts, Emily Dickinson is considered, along with Walt Whitman, the founder of a uniquely American poetic voice. Emily Dickinson, a woman of the 19th century, was preoccupied with poetry and the power of words.
The opening line of the poem My Life had stood- a Loaded Gun is . A critical reading of a short Dickinson poem ‘That it will never come again is what makes life so sweet.’ This statement has become almost proverbial, and the sentiment is centuries old, but it was Emily Dickinson () who gave the thought this particular wording.
‘That it will never come again’ is poem in.