Abbreviations If you are frequently confronted with decisions regarding abbreviations, get hold of a copy of either The Chicago Manual of Style or The Gregg Reference Manual. Both these books contain extensive chapters on proper form in using abbreviations, as well as the possessive and plural forms of abbreviations. The plural of Mr. Carter, Lincoln, and Ford.
The Modern Language Association MLA provides explicit, specific recommendations for the margins and spacing of academic papers. But their advice on font selection is less precise: Times New Roman in which the regular style contrasts clearly with the italic, and set it to a standard size e.
Serif fonts have these extra strokes; sans serif fonts do not. Books, newspapers, and magazines typically set their main text in a serif font because they make paragraphs and long stretches of text easier to read.
Sans serifs Arial, Calibri, Helvetica, Gill Sans, Verdana, and so on work well for single lines of text, like headings or titles, but they rarely make a good choice for body text. Most serifs, on the other hand, do have a true italic style, with distinctive letter forms and more compact spacing.
Compare the following paragraphs, both set at 12 point but in different fonts: For body text in academic papers, type sizes below 10 point are usually too small to read easily, while type sizes above 12 point tend to look oversized and bulky.
So keep the text of your paper between 10 and 12 point. Some teachers may require you to set your whole text at 12 point. Yet virtually every book, magazine, or newspaper ever printed for visually unimpaired grown-ups sets its body type smaller than 12 point.
Newspapers use even smaller type sizes.
The New York Times, for example, sets its body text in a perfectly legible 8. So with proper spacing and margins, type sizes of 11 or 10 point can be quite comfortable to read. Font Recommendations I usually ask my students to use Century Schoolbook or Palatino for their papers.
If your teacher requires you to submit your papers in a particular font, do so. Unless they require you to use Arialin which case drop the class. One thing to consider when choosing a font is how you submit your essay.
When you submit a hard copy or a PDF, your reader will see the text in whatever typeface you use. So if you submit the paper electronically, be sure to use a font your instructor has.
What follows is a list of some widely available, highly legible serif fonts well-suited for academic papers. Microsoft Word Fonts Microsoft Word comes with lots of fonts of varying quality. If your teacher asks you to submit your paper in Word format, you can safely assume they have Word and all the fonts that go with it.
Supreme Court Rule Hermann Zapf designed Palatino in for titles and headings, but its elegant proportions make it a good font for body text.
Named for Renaissance calligrapher Giambattista Palatino, this font has the beauty, harmony, and grace of fine handwriting. Palatino Linotype is the name of the font included with Microsoft Word; Mac OS includes a version of the same typeface called simply Palatino.
Microsoft Word includes several other fonts that can work well for academic essays: Mac OS Fonts Apple has a well-deserved reputation for design excellence which extends to its font library. Finding his inspiration in the typography of Pierre Simon Fournier, Matthew Carter designed Charter in to look good even on crappy mids fax machines and printers.
Its ability to hold up even in low resolution makes Charter work superbly well on screen. Bitstream released Charter under an open license, so you can add it to your font arsenal for free. You can download Charter here.
The result was Hoefler Textincluded with every Mac since then. If you have a Mac, start using it. Iowan Old Styledesigned by Iowan sign painter John Downer, emulates 15th century Venetian typefaces by Nicolas Jenson and Francesco Griffo, but it blends these designs with more modern features that make it ideal for extended, immersive reading.
Matthew Carter designed Georgia in for maximum legibility on computer screens.
Georgia looks very nice on web sites, but in print it can look a bit clunky, especially when set at 12 point. Times New Roman is always a safe choice. But unless your instructor requires it, you should probably use something a bit less overworked.As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 75, lessons in math, English, science, history, and more.
Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. Proofreading. Proofreading means examining your text carefully to find and correct typographical errors and mistakes in grammar, style, and spelling.
Sentence construction describes how the different parts of a sentence are put together, from its punctuation to the ordering of its words. This article examines some of the most common types of sentence construction problems, so you can avoid them in your own writing.
Aug 19, · Guidelines for the use personal pronouns (“I”, “we”, “my,”and so forth) in academic writing vary according to discipline, and there are intra-disciplinary differences as well.
Experts are divided on the subject of personal pronoun use in scientific writing, which used to avoid personal pronouns in most cases/5(29). Turnitin provides instructors with the tools to prevent plagiarism, engage students in the writing process, and provide personalized feedback.
As mentioned, pronouns are usually used to replace nouns, however they can also stand in for certain adverbs, adjectives, and other pronouns. Anytime you want to talk about a person, animal, place or thing, you can use pronouns to make your speech or writing flow better.